Treatement of water | Typical Treatment Systems

Treatment of water

There is some information about water treatment. It can help you before you could face this problem.

Before any treatment is done on your water, it is best to arm yourself with some information as to what options are available to you. Some problems you may solve such as finding and removal of a leaking underground fuel tank and contaminated soil. But this can be impossible or impractical in most situations.

First of all, you need to create or choose a plan for the disposal and treatment of water. Also, you have to remember about maintenance costs. Do not forget that you also need to remove it from water. There is no need for high costing treatment if your water has some chemicals which can easily remove by using a filter. However, you can face some cases where you may need a chemical pump. In this case, the best choice is to contact a professional.

Typical Treatment Systems:

  1. Carbon Filters: These filters can remove most organic compounds that cause aesthetic problems (odor and taste). The water will be tasty when it will treat as long as possible. However, the filter may actually serve as a place for bacteria to live and grow.
  2. Fiber Filters: Fiber filters remove suspended material in the water. They may not be as effective as the carbon filter, so in some instances. It may be better to use both a fiber and a carbon filter to remove these problems. These filters are made of fibrous material such as cellulose or rayon.
  3. Reverse Osmosis Units: They remove inorganic chemicals like nitrates. They include a filter to remove sediment, a carbon filter to remove odors and tastes, a membrane that water is forced through under pressure, a tank to hold water, and a drain to remove all the compounds that were captured. These units tend to be the most expensive, but renting one is a possibility.
  4. Distillers: A distiller is one of the most effective ways to clean your water. Tap water is boiled and when steam is produced, it condenses at the top of the distiller and is moved to condensing coils where it cools down and is deposited into a separate container. The contaminants are left behind. These units can be expensive depending on their capacity, maintenance, etc.
  5. Neutralizing Filters and Chemical Feed Pumps: They both add neutralizing solutions to the water so that it is not corrosive. The disadvantage of these is that they tend to make the water harder due to the injection of the neutralizing agents
  6. Disinfection: Disinfection is used to kill bacteria and microorganisms.  Chlorination is the usual method; other methods use ultraviolet light or ozone.
  7. Water Softeners: water softeners are used to treat hard water. It involves a system that exchanges sodium ions with the calcium or magnesium present in your water. The sodium is bound to a resin that is either regenerated at the home or by the softener supplier.

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