Pros and cons of teeth whitening
Tooth enamel brightening and alignment is a popular aesthetic procedure in the field of dentistry. A bright smile is associated with health, success, and a high standard of living. Unfortunately, only few people can boast of the "Hollywood" shade of enamel.
The norm for a healthy Caucasian person is a slightly yellowish tone, from barely perceptible to the color of ghee. Many external factors contribute to darkened tooth enamel:
- Consumption of strong tea and coffee, colored carbonated beverages, red wine
Tooth discoloration and discoloration affect everyone, which is why tooth enamel whitening and discoloration treatments have become so popular.
What are the benefits of teeth whitening?
- Noticeable alignment and brightening of enamel tone
- A bright accent on the smile, white teeth attract attention and look good
- A feeling of self-catisfaction removes complexes and awkwardness in communication.
A slight brightening of the tooth enamel can transform your appearance, especially with a bright, wide smile. The contrast between the skin and teeth creates a welcome "Hollywood" effect. The face looks fresher and healthier.
Disadvantages of tooth enamel whitening
- An active chemical compound is used for long-term teeth whitening. It interacts with the top layer of enamel, both brightening and thinning it. New generation preparations contain much less aggressive components and acids, but micro changes in the structure of enamel are inevitable. The only way to really safely whiten teeth is with a decorative varnish, which is washed away with the first toothbrushing.
- The procedure is not suitable for people with naturally thin tooth enamel. It is also not recommended to abuse bleaching, as it can lead to hypersensitivity of the teeth. It is better to attend occasional procedures to restore the tone than to have radical whitening once every few years.
- After whitening, teeth become more sensitive to dyes. Stains from drinks and berries will be more noticeable. You can get rid of them with a sanitary rinse, but it is not recommended to brush your teeth more than 2 times a day.
- During the procedure, painful sensations and temporary hypersensitivity may occur. In this case, whitening is suspended, the teeth are treated with a special composition, after which the discomfort is significantly reduced. As a rule, the sensitivity to the whitening procedure decreases noticeably with age.
What do I need to keep in mind before whitening my teeth?
- White teeth only look good when they are perfectly straight. Otherwise it's worth correcting bite problems first.
- If you have gum disease, it is worth refraining from radical dental procedures, including changes in the tone of the tooth enamel
- Professional cleanings are worthwhile before whitening to ensure that the new tone is as even as possible
Indications and contraindications for tooth whitening
Tooth whitening makes a person confident and allows him to establish contacts with others. Unattractive teeth can cause complexes and failures. Aesthetic dentistry, which includes tooth whitening, helps to cope with this unpleasant problem.
The enamel turns dark for several reasons: smoking, private consumption of coffee, strong tea, red wine, products with strong dyes. Unwanted pigmentation accumulates and changes the color of teeth, even absolutely healthy ones. Teeth whitening helps to cope with this problem.
But not all people can get their teeth whitened. The main contraindications to whitening: pregnancy, lactation, allergy to bleaching agents, bronchial asthma, problems in oncology, caries, gum disease, hypersensitivity of teeth. Also, teeth whitening is not carried out for children.
There is both clinical tooth whitening, and teeth whitening at home. The doctor makes teeth whiter with ultrasound, laser, chemical solutions. Home whitening involves the use of ready-made individual systems.
There is also internal tooth whitening (placing the active substance in the middle of the tooth for a specific time). It is prescribed if a tooth becomes dark due to nerve removal or injury.
The whitening method is selected according to the condition of the tooth enamel, the desired result.
Prices for whitening teeth also vary depending on the method chosen, the devices used, the means used, and the degree of whitening. Before the procedure, you have usually prescribed a professional tooth whitening, removal of stones, demineralization of the enamel to reduce sensitivity.
Before whitening begins, allergy tests and plaque cleaning are performed. The process is absolutely painless. After its completion, enamel fluorination is performed. Two days after whitening, colorful drinks and products must not be consumed.
Tooth whitening does not harm the enamel if you follow all the rules and recommendations of the doctor. And laser whitening even enhances the enamel.
Tooth whitening is not recommended more than once a year. Remember, achieving a fully perfect result is sometimes difficult, and only possible if a combination of several techniques.
Make an appointment to see a dentist, undergo one-stage implantation, treatment of pulpitis, find out the prices for removal of old pins and inlays, neuroprosthetics.
Indications for tooth whitening
Indications for tooth whitening:
- desire to have white teeth;
- fluorosis in mild to a medium degree;
- tooth whitening due to age-related changes;
- Tooth staining in smokers, coffee and red wine lovers, etc.
- Contraindications for teeth whitening can be divided into general and local.
- age rating (children and adolescents);
- pregnancy and lactation;
- allergy to whitening components;
- taking a number of medications (tretinoin, doxycycline, hydrochlortioside, ciprofloxacin, etc.);
- hypertension, cancer, endocrine system diseases.
- Tooth fillings, tooth decay, crowns, restorations in the bleaching zone;
- wide pulp chamber;
- hypersensitivity of teeth;
- increased erasability of tooth enamel;
- acute periodontal and oral mucosa diseases;
- diseases of the lower jaw joint, which restrict the opening of the mouth;
If these indications and contraindications for tooth bleaching are not taken into account, it can lead to possible complications, among which are
- Hyperesthesia (high sensitivity of teeth can increase even further for hours or even days);
- irritation of the mucous membrane;
- The appearance of regression of the color of the teeth;
- A temporary distortion of taste sensations.
Tooth whitening does not harm enamel if all rules and recommendations of the doctor are followed and all indications and contraindications are clearly observed.
Speaking about the effectiveness of the whitening procedure, it is difficult to predict what exactly the result will be. Unfortunately, the same product can give completely different shades in different patients. It is believed that a good effect is obtained in patients with teeth with natural yellowing. But owners of teeth with a grayish shade are likely to be upset about the result. The acquired effect can last from six months to several years. If you want to enjoy a snow-white smile for as long as possible, avoid coloring products, use special pastes and rinse, regularly perform professional tooth brushing.
But with time, the procedure will have to be repeated again. After whitening, many patients complain about the strong sensitivity of their teeth. In this case, remineralization therapy should be carried out before and after the use of special products. Unfortunately, the whitening procedure can not always be carried out. It is not possible to change the color of crowns, fillings, implants or veneers. They should be completely replaced with new ones for whitening. There are also a number of difficult cases where whitening does not have the desired effect. There is also a list of contraindications for which this procedure is not recommended.
So, to conduct the procedure of whitening at the dental hygienist offer many dental clinics today. But before you decide to give your teeth a lighter shade, weigh all available pros and cons. After all, in addition to the unpleasant feelings during and after the procedure, the resulting effect may not meet your expectations.
Complications after bleaching
Changing the color of your teeth is an event that involves serious strain on the patient's body. Despite the extensive experience accumulated in this field, no one can guarantee a certain result. This occurs not only because of differences in conditions, but also in no small measure due to the reaction of the human body to certain influences. Proper reactions to abnormal situations are the key to successful completion of bleaching procedures and minimization of risks.
However, practice knows of many cases where whitening has had serious consequences. What should someone who has decided to get a snow-white smile beware of?
- Penetration of the active agent inside the tooth. If careful preparation has been done, with leaking fillings replaced, tooth decay treated and enamel defects corrected, this option is unlikely. Penetration through the enamel is not capable of harming the body. But if the contraindications are ignored and the peroxide gets into the pulp, it can lead, at a minimum, to severe dental pain. In more severe cases, lesions of the pulp, up to its necrosis.
- Exposure of the bleaching agent to the surrounding tissues. This is quite common, but if you ignore painful sensations in the gum or mucosa area, you can get damage ranging from tissue discoloration to necrosis. Not all changes are reversible and may require long-term treatment.
- Excessive bleaching. If the wrong concentration of gel was chosen, exposure time or number of applications was exceeded, the enamel can become translucent and porous. This will give your teeth an unnatural, painful look and it will be almost impossible to get your teeth back to their former appearance.
- Hypersensitivity of the teeth. Although sensitivity is considered common and normal in whitening, in some cases it takes a hypertrophic form. Oxygen atoms trapped in the dentinal tubules cause extremely painful sensations regardless of the stimulus, and such pains may last for a long time.